Antibacterial activity of banana leafs

Bananas grow in tropical regions of the world and the humid conditions in the tropics also favour growth of fungi and bacteria. Any insect that eats off a banana leaf will leave it wounded and prone to attacks from these pathogens. Nature is all about balance and therefore the banana leaf will try to defend itself by creating bioactive compounds.

Scientists[1] have evaluated banana leafs from four different species of banana for antibacterial activity against multi-drug resistant pathogens causing infections.
The study concluded that among the different banana species studied, Musa paradisiaca displayed efficient antibacterial activity followed by Musa acuminata against multi-drug resistant infection causing pathogens. Further studies are needed to identify the specific bioactive compounds.

It is thus possible that sometime in the future new types of antibiotics can be developed from banana leafs. Which is a really positive outlook because most antibiotics that are in use today are in danger of becoming obsolete.

[1] Karuppiah et al: Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of Musa sp. leaf extracts against multidrug resistant clinical pathogens causing nosocomial infection in Asia Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine.

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